Natural Sciences and Technology in the Arts
The Institute for Natural Sciences and Technology in the Arts is responsible for providing students with a theoretical and practice-oriented education in the subjects of color science, theory of perception, materials science, and color chemistry, focusing on contemporary materials and technologies. In addition, we concentrate on the documentation and non-invasive material determination of art objects. Studies and research projects are carried out in the context of diploma and doctoral theses that deal with scientific investigations of single art objects as well as whole art ensembles. Within the framework of these research projects, the documentation and investigation of original objects are mainly performed by the application of methods using electromagnetic radiations (e.g. infrared, visible, UV, and X-ray) and non-invasive material analysis. Likewise, research projects explore the long-term behavior of materials (e.g. their light-stability, corrosion and weathering resistance, and the compatibility of various materials used in modern and contemporary art) as well as deal with the preservation of historical monuments.
In accordance with international trends in recent years, these requirements have given rise to a number of new tasks summed up as Science for Art, Science for Conservation and Preservation, or Science for Cultural Heritage. In this context, and in cooperation with the University of Vienna and Vienna University of Technology, the Center of Image and Material Analysis in Cultural Heritage (CIMA) is currently being established with the aim of developing modern imaging and material-analysis methods of visualization, documentation and classification for the investigation and preservation of cultural objects.